greenmanLike-crutch word

Among its many uses, the word like is often used as a kind of crutch word. It is especially common in informal speech with the verb to be to describe one's attitude or what someone is thinking or saying


I was, like, "you cannot be serious!"— Yo estaba en plan "¡no irás en serio!"

He looked at me and was, like, "get out of my house, you bitch!"—Me miró como diciendo "sal de mi casa, hija de puta" 


greenman1as of (now, today, etc.)

The preposition as of, and its expressions (as of now, as of today, as of this morning, etc.), are somewhat confusing for language learners. Context will usually make it clear which of these three meanings is being expressed:1

1. at this time (usually used with present tenses and things which are likely to change)

2. from this time forward (often used with reference to the future)

3. up until and including this time (like so far) (often used with present/past perfect)


As of this morning, the interest rate stands at 4% —  El tipo de interés se sitúa en el 4% desde esta mañana

As of today we shall no longer accept cash — A partir de hoy no aceptamos dinero en efectivo

As of yesterday, only five survivors had been found — A día de ayer solo se habían encontrado cinco supervivientes

In The Press

Get Out is in theaters as of today. Go see it.  Forbes-Feb 24, 2017

As of today, 1,386 people are waiting for lungs in the United States, federal statistics show.  News & Observer-Feb 25, 2017

As of today, flights are still arriving and departing the airport safely in spite of the so-called depressed portions of the runways. Guardian-Feb 12, 2017

As of yesterday, 17 bikes had been stolen in February.Ten were taken in burglaries and the remaining seven from public places New Zealand Herald-Feb 13, 2017

Before he takes the stage in Philly, it's worth noting that as of this morning, Barack Obama's approval rating is 56 per cent, according to Gallup. 7, 2016

As of June 30, 199 New Zealanders were being held out of a total of 1,577 detainees.  BBC News-Aug 1, 2016


In DualTexts Articles

-China's Hollywood




greenman1Of all things/places/people/etc.

The expression of allnoun is used to indicate that it is surprising that, out of all the possible options, this particular thing is being mentioned.



You, of all people, should know that — Tú, más que nadie, deberías saber eso

I was in Madrid last week. I bumped into John, of all people — La semana pasada estuve en Madrid y ví a John - la última persona que esperaba encontrarme

The movie was filmed in Texas, of all places — La película se rodó en Tejas, curiosamente

He has decided he wants be a dentist, of all things — Mira si habrá profesiones, pues ha decidido que quiere ser dentista


In The Press

That is exactly why legitimate questions can be asked of the court as to why they permitted him to go to a boxing match, of all things.  The Guardian-Feb 22, 2017

Everyone knew the rules of the presidential race from the start, and Hillary of all people was supposed to be savvy and experienced candidate Canada Free Press-Feb 27, 2017

The fact that he disappeared here, of all places, may not have been pure chance. BBC News-Feb 27, 2017


In DualTexts Articles

-China's Hollywood

greenmanMillion or Billion

Be careful when using millions and billions in English. A billion in America and in the UK is 1000 million.

A billion in Europe is a million million (1000 times more).

greenman Nice and...

Nice and + adjective/adverb can be used to indicate affection or emphasize that we find the quality pleasing or adequate.1 In Spanish the diminutive is often used to express this.


It's nice and warm here- se está calentito aquí

He gave me a nice and short explanation- me dio una explicación cortita


In The Press

“No campaigns to remove us just yet but the morning is nice and young.”  The Sun-Feb 20, 2017

The light had a really nice colour from the setting sun as this graceful pod of Orca swam by nice and closeThe Express Tribune-Feb 22, 2017


In DualTexts Articles

-Biococina With Pitfina

greenmanThen again

A common expression used when reconsidering something is (but) then again.  A similar phrase is but then, which is used to introduce an explanation or a concession to something previously said - similar to the expression mind you.


I think I will stay in today, but then again, I should probably go out ( Aunque también es cierto/por otro lado/ pensándolo bien)

I really need a pay rise. Then again, I do earn more than my workmates - Necesito un aumento de sueldo. Aunque, por otro lado, gano más que mis compañeros

Trump made Abe look like his junior partner. But then he is a reality television star (explanation as to why this shouldn't surprise us)

I think it's great. But then I am the one who designed it (concession, it's not surprising that I would think that)

In The Media

A broken man? He does seem devastated, but then again he's been like that many time before. 16, 2017

Not many debutant playwrights can sell out a theatre. But then again, not many debutant playwrights used to be the Archbishop of Canterbury. BBC News-Jul 27, 2016

It looked for a while like Jasper Stuyven was going to pull off an incredible victory but then who can doubt Peter Sagan? BBC Sport-Jun 30, 2016


In DualTexts Articles

-El Camino